Dental Guides

Do I Have Gum Disease? What Are The Signs And Symptoms?

Gum disease can cause a great deal of pain and discomfort and can lead to serious infection and other dental problems if you do not address it early on. It is caused by the build-up of bacteria, plaque and tartar on the teeth and gums. By following a consistent oral health routine at home and cutting down on sugar and processed foods, you can prevent it from occurring.

Unfortunately, many adults do develop the condition. However, if you know some of the signs and symptoms of the condition, then you can catch it early on before it causes permanent damage or required intrusive dental care to heal it.

1. Redness Of Gums

If you notice that your gums appear redder or darker than normal, then it could be a sign that there is inflammation caused by gum disease. The redness and inflammation are caused by a build-up of bacteria. At this stage, you should simply become vigilant with your oral health routine and you can usually reverse the symptoms quickly and easily.

2. Tenderness Of Gums

Gums that are becoming diseased will often feel tender and sore. Sometimes your gums might feel sore after brushing too vigorously or flossing too energetically, but otherwise, they should not hurt. Sore gums should act as a red flag that you need to step up your oral health.

3. Bleeding Gums

If you have not heeded the warning signs earlier, then you might begin to experience bleeding gums. At this stage it can become difficult to eat and chew foods as you will have quite a lot of discomfort. If you are experiencing bleeding gums, then it is time to visit your dentist for advice.

4. Bad Breath

Constant bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth is a sure-fire sign of gum disease. This symptom is very common and means that you probably have gingivitis or periodontitis.

5. Receding Of Gums

If the bacteria and plaque are left to keep building up, then it will eventually lead to more advanced gum disease. This is when you might begin to notice receding gums. This means that the gums begin to pull away from the teeth so that your teeth appear longer. This exposes sensitive parts of the teeth and also reduces the support needed to keep the teeth in place firmly.

6. Loosening Of Teeth

After the gums begin to recede, then the teeth will often begin to become wobbly and you are at risk of losing them.

If you notice any of the above symptoms, you should immediately improve your oral health routine at home and also visit your dentist for professional advice and gum disease treatment.

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